Melbourne, Australia December 2006, a
“Put on his mask and he’ll tell you the truth.”
Some time ago, when almost no one had heard of WikiLeaks, emails from a certain Julian Assange began to arrive in my e-mail. The name was memorable. There is no editor who doesn’t get a mix of hot news, letters, complaints, and crazy ideas every day, but the regular nature of WikiLeaks emails made me pay attention. Sometimes the attachments contained bad stories. Or a document that, after careful consideration, turned out to be insignificant. There was also an angry outburst against a particular journalist – or, in principle, against the criminal cowardice of the established media. At times, Assange was pleased with our actions and at other times took us by the hand throughout his life in Nairobi. For months, the Guardian was the only newspaper in the UK, who wrote about WikiLeaks or used some of the documents they dug. For example, in August 2007, we came across an astonishing confidential report by the Krol consulting firm, which exposed former Kenyan President Daniel Arap Moy in draining hundreds of millions of pounds hidden in foreign bank accounts in more than 30 different countries. The story from everywhere was more than intriguing! Good or bad, we didn’t have to keep our eyes on Assange. Beyond the reach of most people in the world, Julian Assange has become a huge interest in pioneering the use of digital technology to challenge corrupt and authoritarian governments. I doubt that at that time – or even in January 2010, when, as Secretary of State of the United States, she delivered an impressive speech about the possibilities of what she called the “new nervous system on our planet” – Hillary Clinton had heard his name. The speech presented her views on semi-legal digital publishing – the “self-assembly of our time” – which was just beginning to promote transparency and challenge an autocratic and corrupt world order. But at the same time, the statement warned that repressive governments would “target independent thinkers using these tools.” Mrs. Clinton was mainly looking at regimes like the one in Iran. Her words about the bold future of self-published publications were surprisingly well-suited to a very strange and alien Australian hacker, who, at the same time, was developing, without unnecessary noise, a methodology for revealing the mysteries of the world, going beyond our well-known means of technological breakthrough or infringement. It is unlikely that, while delivering the highly-acclaimed speech later, Mrs. Clinton imagined that it would not be a year and she would already make a statement on digital informants – this time attacking the use of electronic media to protect transparency. This, she said during a State Department briefing in November 2010, was “not just an attack on US foreign policy interests. This is an attack on the international community. ”In the past 11 months (January to November 2010), Assange had become a villain. He had just conducted the largest leak in the history of mankind – except that this time, not the poorest East African country, but the most powerful country in the world, was in a disadvantageous state. This book attempts to recreate the story of making the anonymous hacker one of the most talked about personalities in the world – at the same time scolded, praised and portrayed as a celebrity; persecuted, imprisoned and shunned by many. Within just a few years of starting his business, Assange was shot dead in anonymity in Nairobi, sending news to which no one was paying attention, to the publication of huge amounts of classified information falling right at the heart of the US military and foreign policy operations. From a marginal guest to various computer conferences, he suddenly became the number one public enemy of the United States. New media messiah for some and cyberspace terrorist for others. And as if that wasn’t dramatic enough, in the midst of all the events, two women in Sweden accused him of rape. And in general, he could hardly have thought it better. After Nairobi, Assange’s ambitions for the size and capabilities of WikiLeaks had grown. Along with other hackers, he developed the principles of a philosophy of transparency. He and his fellow technology experts had already achieved one goal: they had made WikiLeaks a practically indestructible organism, thus placing it outside of any attack by law or through cyberspace from any administration or source. Lawyers who have received space fees to protect the reputation of wealthy clients and corporations have admitted – at the same time embarrassed and admired – that WikiLeaks is the only publisher in the world whose mouth cannot be closed. Which was very bad for the business. We, in the Guardian newspaper, had every reason to follow with great interest and with some respect the rise of WikiLeaks. In two of the cases – with the UK’s fourth largest bank in Barclays and the Dutch-listed multinational trading company Trafigura – the site had published documents whose cover had been ordered by British courts. In 2008/9, the situation worsened, because the Supreme Court of London adopted the practice of not only prohibiting the publication of documents of exceptional public interest, but at the same time keeping confidential the proceedings and the names of the parties to them. Even lawyers from a law firm in London have outdone themselves by trying to extend the ban on publishing minutes of parliamentary debates on topics covered on WikiLeaks. Both judges and global corporations felt equally overwhelmed by this new phenomenon in the publishing world. At one of the Supreme Court hearings in London, it was decided that no one had the right to print documents that disclosed Barclays’ tax avoidance strategies – despite the fact that the entire world could read their content on WikiLeaks. The lawmakers had been foolish. But this new way of making non-destructive publications has brought sharp questions to the spotlight. Except for the Trafigura case, there could be others in which WikiLeaks could be used to tarnish or disrupt one’s reputation. This made Assange an extremely powerful figure. The fears of the new media lord were also fueled by the dissatisfaction of some of his colleagues with an autocratic and secretive style of work. Questions were raging on all sides: who was this, mysterious, man who “acted upon the Lord”? How could he and his team members be sure of the authenticity of a document? Who defined the ethical framework for judging which information to publish and which to disclose? It all meant
The extraordinary Australian has set up a profile on the dating site “OKCupidon” under the name Harry Harrison. The Harry Harrison in question is 36-years-old, 189 cm tall and according to the result of the test published on the site, “87% lustful”. Its presentation reads as follows:
“CAUTION: If you are looking for a normal, humble man, look elsewhere. I’m not your droid. Let’s save each other’s efforts while it’s time. A passionate but often stubborn intellectual activist seeking his siren for a love affair, children, and occasionally a criminal conspiracy. A lady must be humorous and naughty, with high intelligence, although she may not necessarily have completed any education, possess sex appeal, class and inner strength and have strategic thinking for the world and the people she holds.
I prefer candidates from countries where political unrest is constantly simmering. Probably boring and stupid women are a product of Western culture. Okay, not just women! Despite the great demands on appearance and intelligence, I strongly protect women and children.
I AM THE DANGER itself, ACHTUNG and ????????? ?????! ”
Harry further points out that he is at the forefront of “a laborious and dangerous human rights project that, as you may have guessed, is dominated by male participation.” He also complains about “men pursuing Asian children on the Internet”. When asked what is something he cannot do without, he replies: “I can get used to everything, but I cannot live without a woman’s presence and without carbon.” I’m too busy, so only write if you’re a brave woman. ”
Harry ran an unusual activity. He describes himself as “a person with a variety of professional backgrounds in international journalism / book writing, documentary filmmaking, cryptography, intelligence, civil rights, political activism, crimes committed by incumbent administrations and the Internet.” The photos in the profile gallery show a man with too light skin, sharp features and wind-blown silver-gray hair. In some of the photos, he looks half-smiling, while in others he is staring right at the camera lens.
Harry Harrison is the alias of Julian Assange, a computer hacker who at the time was renting a house with other tenant students in Melbourne, Australia, and preparing for a special kind of idealistic rebellion in the field of information, which many it will soon reap popularity – and hatred – around the world under the name WikiLeaks. Assange is amazing and at the same time, according to his critics, a traumatic personality. It was this side of his character, probably lost far back in time in his childhood and youth in Australia, that exposed the peacock’s tail in his profile on a dating site.
The craze for computers and his constant reluctance to stay in one place seemed to be a consequence of the troubled early years of his life. But they are also the cause of dissatisfaction with others who consider him almost autistic. He likes to answer this question jokingly: “Aren’t we all autistic?” His sense of humor is distinguished by sarcasm, which makes him very attractive – even too – for women. He also has strong analytical skills. In another life, he can safely run a large corporation.
It also has drawbacks that the dating site can’t capture. Sometimes he seems devoid of communication skills. Strange is the way he looks at the room he is in; once a journalist from the Guardian described this view as “dreaming in all directions”. And he doesn’t like to bathe much. The co-workers who leave him – soon their names will make a long list – blame him for the overbearing feeling and careless disinterest for people he dislikes. If one annoys him, he becomes very angry and his mood changes instantly. But in one respect, the dating site profile, which last updated since 2006, is surprisingly infallible. Four years later, in 2010, no one will at least doubt that Assange is the ONLY DANGER, ACHTUNG!
Julian was born on July 3, 1971 in Townsville, Australia in the north of the country, which is characterized by a subtropical climate. His mother, Christine, is the daughter of Warren Hawkins, described by his colleagues as a scholastic and traditionalist university professor who became a college director. The family is descended from Scottish immigrants who arrived in Australia in the nineteenth century. Julian’s biological father was absent from his son’s life for most of the period under review. Only 17-year-old Christine suddenly leaves home selling her paintings to buy a motorcycle, tent and map of the country. After traveling the entire 1500 miles, he arrives in Sydney, where he becomes part of the metropolitan counterculture. According to Sul El Dreyfus’ semi-documentary, half-humanized book, Underground which reveals many facts of Julian Assange’s life provided by himself, at that time his mother was an artist. During a demonstration against the Vietnam War in 1970, he falls in love with a rebellious young man who becomes Julian’s father. But their relationship ends, and apparently for many years, the man will play no role in his son’s life. The two will only make contact again after Julian is 25 years old.
Meanwhile, the son does not forget his father. In 2006, at the very beginning of Julian’s remarkable mission to decrypt the secrets, he registered the wikileaks.org domain with the name of his biological father, John Shipton, as noted in the court registry. After the birth of her baby, Christine moved to live as a single mother on Magnetic Island. It is reached after a short crossing with the ferry on the town, which is located in Townsville .. In those years, the Magnetic Island was a virgin place that attracted freedom-loving souls. Its small population consists of hippies who sleep on the beach and in caves in the rocks. Local children fish, swim and play coconut cricket instead of a ball. On the coast, koalas and opossums meet, and the ocean is full of giant, edible mussels. Nearby is the Great Barrier Reef, and the island’s inhabitants are among the pioneers of the environmentally friendly lifestyle, grow vegetables themselves and feed on sea catches – mainly different types of fish, shrimp and crabs.
Later, Assange’s mother will share the following: “I rented a lodge on the island for $ 12 a week at Picnic Bay … I used to go bikini-type swimwear all day, and with my other mothers on the island we raised our children “Like natives”. He marries Brett Assange – an actor and theater director. His family probably comes from the name of a supposed nineteenth-century Chinese immigrant, A Sang. In his early years, Assange moved from place to place. According to the author of Underground, his second father directs various theatrical performances, while his mother deals with the makeup and costumes of the actors and designs. In addition, he also appears as a puppeteer.
In 2010, Assange described his second father’s performances as a good preparation for WikiLeaks, a mobile organization whose camp can be stretched or assembled in a matter of hours at any time – “something my parents really did with their theater activities and cinema, namely browsing the grounds for photos, settling there, gathering people and organizing them, preparing for premieres, and – until you know it, the gong has hit! – and the show started. ”
As an older Assange, he often enters different incarnations: he changes hairstyles and wears other people’s clothes. Today he is a nobleman from the English countryside, tomorrow – an Icelandic fisherman, and a day later – an elderly lady. Even his role on WikiLeaks seems unclear. What kind of secretary, journalist, activist or publisher is he? After the end of the show, he moves elsewhere.
For a while, the Assange family lived in an abandoned pineapple farm in Horshu Bay. Christine remembers that in order to get to the front door, she had to make her way through the moss-covered vegetation. She also claims to have shot a typhoon, a poisonous snake, in the water tank. Royce Daliston, who still lives on Magnetic Island today, remembers how Christine loved to swim and paint under a vault of banana trees. The other boys on the island are in the habit of taking the fat left over from the hotels and spilling it on the roofs of the wharves on the wharf and then descending from them in the whirlpool of huge waves caused by the arrival of the Townsville ship. Daliston and the older boys call Assange a puzzle, because the “skinny blond boy” is too afraid to jump from the jetty into the water. But here’s what Assange says to New York author Rafi Khachadou-ryan: “I rode my own horse. I made myself a raft. I fished and went down into the mines and galleries of abandoned mines. ”
In 1979, Christine lives again with her parents in the town of Lismore, New South Wales, where local farmers and hippies coexist in a state of mutual misunderstanding. The 1973 Hippo Music Festival, Nimbin – the scene of Aquarius-era events – is a little further up the road. Kristin wears a long cloak skirt and drives a green Volkswagen Turtle. Local hippies manage to stop deforestation of one of the few surviving pristine tropical forests in the area around Terania. This is also the first victory for Australia’s emerging eco-movement. An old report from the event shows a young woman in a raincoat, who rubs her feet along a forest path, along with a group of bearded activists and guitars men, and who looks suspiciously much like Assange’s mother.
Christine doesn’t want her son to get the usual Liz-Mor education. The town is conservative – women are forbidden from attending the local club and being separated from the stove in the kitchen, except in the evenings when dance parties are organized. Here’s what he says of Assange’s mother, Jennifer Somerville, whose children studied with him in a small elementary rural school: “She seemed a little alternative and didn’t particularly believe in formal education. She obviously decided it was better to enroll Julian in a small provincial school. ”
His two-year stay there is one of the longest periods of education in the same school. According to the stories of Assange himself, he attended 37 different schools throughout his life and eventually went off without education. “Some people get horrified and say, ‘Poor guy, just thinking that you changed all these schools.’ But the truth is, I liked it a lot,” Asange later admits. His classmates in the village of Gulmangar remember him as a gentle but very sociable boy. His extraordinary intelligence and long blond hair set him apart from other children.
A former classmate, Nigel Somerville, recounts the following: “There were always dolls hanging out of his window … His mother was very artistic. For years I kept a kite that she had crafted for me. Very colorful, with big eyes painted in orange, red and blue. “He and Julian talk about crystal radios and experiment with dismantling different things. Amid the quiet times of protests against the institutions, there are also moments of concern. In Adelaide, for example, when Assange is four years old, he is forced to stop his mother’s car because she had just participated in an anti-nuclear demonstration. A police officer tells her: “You bring your child with you at two at night. Ma’am, I think you need to drop the policy. ”
At the same time, Christine’s marriage is in crisis. Brett Assange, who co-directs the puppet theater with her, is a kind and loving second father to Julian. Often times in the future, Assange will quote the words of “his father” For example: “Able, widespread men do not make sacrifices: they help them.” true and false. ” But according to the minutes of a hearing at the same time, Brett was “assaulted with alcohol problems”. When Assange is seven or eight years old, Brett and Christine get divorced and his second father goes out of his life.
From that moment on, his mother’s tumultuous relationship with a third man much younger than her, Keith Hamilton, follows. Hamilton is an amateur musician and member of the New Age Group, the so-called Shantiniketsky (from Sanskrit “peace,” “peace,” “serenity”), known in Australia as the Family, or the Great White Brotherhood. According to Assange Hamilton, he is also a manipulative psychopath. He is alleged to have had five different identities. “He had fabricated his entire biography, including lying and in which country he was born,” Assange said in Underground. Despite its worthy name, the group in question is a cult of sadness, led by Anne Hamilton-Byrne, a yoga teacher who has succeeded in convincing her middle-class followers that she is a reincarnation of Christ Himself. Keith Hamilton is not just related to the cult in question, but he is probably the son of the founder. Hamilton-Byrne and her assistants raise children, often persuading underage mothers to entrust their infants with childbirth. She and her followers – the so-called. “Aunts” – live in a countryside barbed-wire isolated area near a lake in the vicinity of the town of Aiden, Victoria. They apply strange methods in raising their pets, who at one time are twenty-eight children. Fighting is a common occurrence. Sometimes the heads of children are immersed in buckets of water and pressed down. They apply strange methods in raising their pets, who at one time are twenty-eight children. Fighting is a common occurrence. Sometimes the heads of children are immersed in buckets of water and pressed down. They apply strange methods in raising their pets, who at one time are twenty-eight children. Fighting is a common occurrence. Sometimes the heads of children are immersed in buckets of water and pressed down.
As we read in a court record, in 1982, Assange’s mother attempted to leave Keith Hamilton, leading to a parental rights battle over Assamese Jamie. As a partner, Hamilton has beaten up more than half and is “characterized by acts of physical violence,” court records say. Assange shares how Hamilton pursues his mother, causing her and the children to flee from him. In 2010, Assange told an Australian journalist the following story: “My mother had a relationship with someone who was probably the son of Anne Hamilton-Byrne, the founder of the cult of the same name in Australia, but every time he discovered us – probably because of the leak. information from the social security system, which forced us to move quickly out of the cities and move to a new place,
Over the next five to six years, the three lead a fugitive life. Christine first went to Melbourne, then lived in Adelaide for six months, and eventually moved to Perth. As a teenager, Assange returned to Melbourne, where he changed at least four different shelters to his mother. In 2010, the WikiLeaks founder will once again feel himself a fugitive because he is convinced that US intelligence is on his heels because of his revelatory material.
The court documents of the ongoing trial on charges of hacking against Assange as a teenager – which we will tell you later in the book – testify to some of the consequences that the strange lifestyle described leaves on a gifted young man with an incredible mathematical gift. His lawyer claims that Assange is deprived of the opportunity to befriend or communicate normally with his peers. “In a sense, his past is quite tragic.” The Underground describes the “deadpan boring” atmosphere of Melbourne’s suburbs: “just another stop along the way, one of dozens as his mother dreams of him up and down the the continent in an attempt to avoid being persecuted by her de facto ex-husband, who is a psychopath. The house they live in is an emergency shelter for families, who are hiding from persecution. The place is safe, so for a while … the exhausted family stops to catch their breath before heading out again in search of new asylum. ”
Assange is 13-14 years old when his mother rents a house against an electronics store. He goes to the store and works on an 8-bit Komodor 64 computer, a gift from his mother, purchased with her savings. Assange begins to learn coding on his own. At 16, he already owns his first modem. In Melbourne, she visits a gifted children program, where she falls in love with one, as he calls her, a “self-contained and emotionally labile” girl. He develops an interest in science and travels around libraries. He soon discovered hacking. At 17, he is suspected that police will be searching their home in Victoria. In Underground, we read, “Wipe the discs, burn the prints, and go” to sleep with her girlfriend. The two join a group of illegal occupants of different homes and when Assange is 18, she becomes pregnant. They marry and have a baby boy – Daniel. But Assange’s anxiety is mounting, and police are finally able to get to the criminal hacker circuit and his wife is taken out of the apartment, bringing with them their 20-month-old son Daniel. Assange goes to the clinic and is treated for depression. For a while he sleeps outdoors and wanders through the eucalyptus forests of Dandenong Ranges National Park “.
To the teenager Assange, abandoned so often, confused and experiencing many twists and turns in his life, human relationships may seem devoid of arrangement, unlike the predictable world of computers. You can count on algorithms – the key to Assange’s later ability to encode information. Not to people. Over time, Assange will tell readers of New York magazine that the “harshness” of communicating with his computers is appealing. “It’s like a game of chess … No coincidence.” During the 1996 hacking trial, his defense attorney, Paul Galbali, said in an attempt to point out the mitigating circumstances that the computer was about Assange as “his only friend.” Because he changes many schools, he is constantly ridiculed by his classmates who perceive him as an outsider: “The computer is his only salvation or the only sure thing in his life. Even in practice, his mother encourages him to work with him … From a very young age, he is addicted to this tool. ”
It is interesting to note that some of the most talented programmers come from broken families. Jacob Appelbaum, who will later become a representative of WikiLeaks in the US, tells himself that he was born into a family of a mother suffering from paranoid schizophrenia and a father addicted to heroin. Most of her boyhood years are spent in a juvenile home. He remembers once, as a little boy, a woman with a syringe stabbed in her arm, crammed into her father’s bathroom. Appelbaum tells Rolling Stone magazine that his programming and hacking activities have allowed him to feel, however, that “the world is not a lost place. The internet is the only reason I’m still alive today. ”
The underground environments of Melbourne hackers in the 1980s, in which Assange appeared, were a narrow, almost entirely male, circle of self-taught teenagers. Some come from educated but poor families in the suburbs; however, they all have above average intelligence. They’re experimenting with Comodor 64 computers and Apple No computers. They compile codes and use painstakingly slow modems. At that time, there was no internet yet, but there were computer networks and BBS systems (computers that act as a system to which other people connect to leave messages). In the “real” world, one might even consider Assange a failure. He still fails to complete secondary education, although he does distance education through correspondence. He studies computers and physics,
However, in the “virtual” world of electronics, Assange is a god. Its inhabitants are obsessed with computers of socially unfit youngsters who like to create new identities for themselves under heroic aliases such as Phoenix, Gandalf (a fantastic character from John Ronald Reuel Tolkien’s cycle of Middle-earth novels; the name means “Graybird”) an ax (Viking king of the X century). Assange chooses the nickname Mendax. According to the Latin Dictionary of Louis and Short, the name means “prone to lies” – the same root is the English word mendacious (“false, false”). But it is more correct to say that Assange was inspired by the name of Horace’s “Ode”. With great fervor, his mother introduces him to the world of Greek and Roman classical literature. In Book III, xi Horace tells the story of the fifty daughters of Danae, the Danaids. Their father declares against being forced to marry his cousins, the sons of Egypt. He makes them swear that they will kill their husbands on their first wedding night. 49 of the daughters are fulfilling their father’s pledge – the only Hypermnestr warns her husband, Linkey, and they both manage to escape. (In some versions of the myth of the Danaids, they both begin the dynasty of the kings of Argos.) Because of this manifestation, Horace calls Hypermnestra splendide mendax, i. The “lovely liar”. Another translation is “gloriously deceptive.” The name was chosen extremely well. It hints at what the increasingly ambitious Assange will take as a next step, namely, to commit a fraudulent but glorious cause by illegally penetrating the US military’s computer network. He makes them swear that they will kill their husbands on their first wedding night. 49 of the daughters are fulfilling their father’s pledge – the only Hypermnestr warns her husband, Linkey, and they both manage to escape. (In some versions of the myth of the Danaids, they both begin the dynasty of the kings of Argos.) Because of this manifestation, Horace calls Hypermnestra splendide mendax, i. The “lovely liar”. Another translation is “gloriously deceptive.” The name was chosen extremely well. It hints at what the increasingly ambitious Assange will take as a next step, namely, to commit a fraudulent but glorious cause by illegally penetrating the US military’s computer network. He makes them swear that they will kill their husbands on their first wedding night. 49 of the daughters are fulfilling their father’s pledge – the only Hypermnestr warns her husband, Linkey, and they both manage to escape. (In some versions of the myth of the Danaids, they both begin the dynasty of the kings of Argos.) Because of this manifestation, Horace calls Hypermnestra splendide mendax, i. The “lovely liar”. Another translation is “gloriously deceptive.” The name was chosen extremely well. It hints at what the increasingly ambitious Assange will take as a next step, namely, to commit a fraudulent but glorious cause by illegally penetrating the US military’s computer network. both manage to escape. (In some versions of the myth of the Danaids, they both begin the dynasty of the kings of Argos.) Because of this manifestation, Horace calls Hypermnestra splendide mendax, i. The “lovely liar”. Another translation is “gloriously deceptive.” The name was chosen extremely well. It hints at what the increasingly ambitious Assange will take as a next step, namely, to commit a fraudulent but glorious cause by illegally penetrating the US military’s computer network. both manage to escape. (In some versions of the myth of the Danaids, they both begin the dynasty of the kings of Argos.) Because of this manifestation, Horace calls Hypermnestra splendide mendax, i. The “lovely liar”. Another translation is “gloriously deceptive.” The name was chosen extremely well. It hints at what the increasingly ambitious Assange will take as a next step, namely, to commit a fraudulent but glorious cause by illegally penetrating the US military’s computer network.
The book Underground: Stories of Hacking, Madness, and Mania on the Border with the Electronic World was first published in 1997. The study, authored by Sewell Dreyfus, a Melbourne University professor, expresses her gratitude to Assange as a researcher, but his influence on the work is palpable – there are passages that sound like his biography. The book describes the illegal computer hacker community around the world since the 1990s: “Mysterious world, fiuwsfxmm ui oo” times that sink in and out into the gloom. Nobody uses her real name there. “Asange selects the following Oscar Wilde aphorism for the epigraph:” A man is at least himself when he speaks for himself. Put on his mask and he’ll tell you the truth. ”
“Sometimes Mendax went to school – we read on Underground.” – But more often than not. The school education system was not very interested in him. It didn’t provide food for his mind … Sydney’s computer system was a far more interesting place to hang out than provincial high schools. ”
In 1998, Assange (Mendax) made strenuous attempts to break into the system of Sydney mainframes (intended for centralized processing of large data sets and simultaneous operation of 100 or more users) by the Government’s Committee on Overseas Telecommunications (OTC). For computer subscribers, breaking into this system is a kind of initiation into brotherhood.
Mendax telephones an employee of the Perth Offshore Telecommunications Committee, posing as a Sydney operator, reading in the Underground book. To authenticate the environment, he plays home audio recordings and even mumbles excerpts from Shakespeare’s Macbeth to simulate the sound environment in a work office. The unsuspecting employee calmly issues the password – LURCH (“I leave someone at a critical moment”, “I crash”). Mendax enters the system! This is one of the dramatic moments told in the book. In 2010, going back to her hacking exploits as a teenager, Assange notes, “I was young. I had done nothing to profit illegally. I did everything because I was curious, because I was looking for challenges and I was involved with some ideas. We have not destroyed anything.
In 1989, hackers in Melbourne staged a spectacular show by introducing a self-replicating program, the so-called “computer worm,” on NASA’s website. A message appears on the screens of the embarrassed employees: “Your system has been officially fucked up.” the program in question? It is possible. But his involvement remains unproven to this day. In 1991
Assange is now Australia’s most talented hacker. Together with the other two, nicknamed Chief Suspect and Trax, he creates the Sabotory International magazine, which offers valuable tips for illegally logging into telephone systems and making free calls. The magazine is published in a very limited edition: three only pieces intended for the three authors.
Assange then went on to break into the controlling computer terminal of the large Canadian company Nortel, which manufactures and markets telecommunications equipment. With the help of his password extraction program, Sycophant is making a breakthrough in the US military. Successfully joins the 7th U.S. Air Force Command Headquarters Network at the Pentagon, the Stanford Scientific Research Institute, California, the Naval Forces Center in Virginia, and the Lockheed Martin Technical Aviation Plant at California and a number of other strategic military institutions. In the spring of 1991, the three hackers found a new target that filled them with trembling excitement: MILNET, the secret military intelligence data network. Soon, Assange manages to find a door and sneak in. “For two years, we had complete control of the system,” he later said. In addition, hackers regularly penetrate the computer systems of the Australian National University.
At the same time, however, the Australian Australian Police’s Computer Crime Unit is on their heels. They eavesdrop on hackers’ phone calls and even search Assange’s home. He confesses his actions to the police. But it was not until 1994 that he was charged, with the trial only going on in 1996. He was convicted before the Victoria District Court of 24 charges of hacking. The prosecution describes Assange as the “most active” and “the most adept” of the group and insists on prison. Assange’s motives, according to the prosecution:
JUDGE MAY: Mr. Galbali, would you speak to your client in private?
Mr GALBALI: Of course, Mr Judge. JUDGE: Yes, talk, if you like.
Assange considers himself a victim of injustice in the spirit of one of Solzhenitsyn’s novels. Ten years later, he will write on his blog: “If there is a work whose sensation manages to conquer me, it is Solzhenitsyn’s ‘First Round’. The feeling that you live in a brotherhood of persecuted and, in fact, convicted, universally developed people in a Stalinist labor camp! How much it looks like my own adventures!… Such law enforcement at a young age is a defining peak. To know the true essence of the state machine! To see beyond the chandelier how educated people swear to disbelieve at the same time, but to continue unabashedly and faithfully following one’s lead!… The conviction of the state’s falsity… begins with a pair of high boots in front of your door. True conviction then comes, when they put you on the dock and turn to you in third person. True conviction comes when a distant voice brings to you the words: “Please, defendant stand up,” and all present, except you, remain in their seats. ”
After a mild sentence, Assange is once again an unemployed father in Melbourne who is trying to survive on a state-dependent single parent. The court awarded him full custody of his son. Supported by his mother, he has fought for many years with his ex-wife for the right to see Daniel; the odyssey grew into a bitter battle with the state over access to information on the case. He also works as a free programmer. He creates his own website that provides computer security tips called “Best Security.” In 1996, the site already had 5,000 subscribers. Assange’s early commitment to the cause of freedom of information and computer products will gradually mature into the WikiLeaks project. Galbali addresses the judge with the following prophetic words today: “Quite obviously he thinks
Assange co-authored several free software products as part of the so-called. open source movement. (This includes the Usenet, NNTPCache, and Surfraw, coding software for search engines). Together with other collaborators, he invents the cryptographic concept Rubberhose, which avoids the decryption of classified material, even when the person who knows the password is tortured. Hijackers have no way of understanding that both types of data are encoded with two different passwords.
On the Rubberhose website, we can read that Assange develops the software in question after a series of meetings with human rights activists and stories of torture applied by repressive regimes in East Timor, Russia, Kosovo, Guatemala, Iraq, Sudan and the Democratic Republic of the Congo . The website gives us an idea of Assange’s civic credo: “We hope the Rubberhose concept protects your data and offers broader protection for people who are at risk for just cause … Our motto is, ‘Let’s worry a little. . ”
Back in 1999, he had the idea to create a website to publish leaked classified information and register a wikileaks.org domain . But only so much. He continues to live in Melbourne and is raising his son safely. The custody battle is already behind him and is likely to have the most peaceful time of his life. Daniel, a programmer today, attends Boxing Hill High School in the eastern suburbs of Melbourne. Between 2003 and 2006, Julian was a student in physics and mathematics at the University of Melbourne, but also took courses in philosophy and neuroscience. However, he failed to graduate. The WikiLeaks idea, however, is permanently entrenched in it.
On your personal blog with the challenging name IQ.orgdismisses the fundamentals of the seemingly attractive own theory of rejecting world injustice: “The more secrets an organization has and the more unfair it is, the greater the leakage of information it terrifies and fears persecution among management and its close. Therefore, efficient internal communication mechanisms (ie raising the cognitive “secrecy tax”) should be minimized and subsequent cognitive decline at the system level, resulting in diminished retention of power … As unjust systems are by nature they provoke opposition and, in places, hardly hold the ground, the massive leakage of information makes them extremely vulnerable to those who wish to replace them with more open forms of government. You can only resist the injustice you know; because a person is designed to make intelligent actions only if they are aware of the situation. ”
Assange speaks of a noble calling: “If we really only live one life, then let’s face a bold challenge to all our abilities … The whole universe … is a worthy adversary, but as much as I try, I cannot silence the groans of suffering … I call men in bloom. to their forces who have any convictions, to defend them actively. ”
The soon-to-be-included emails list learn more details. John Young, of the Cryptome intelligence site, is among those invited (unsuccessfully) to lead the future Wiki Wiki. This secrecy is self-explanatory, avoiding the use of the secret word itself: “This is a restricted, internally-developed list of names of persons associated with wiki-1-eaks -.- org. Please do not mention the word in question directly in discussions, instead use the abbreviation “UL”. On October 9, 2006, the most surprising email signed by UL arrived in the mail of Daniel Elsberg, the source of leaked information during the Pentagon classified documents process during the Vietnam War, calling to become the face of the project, “Who will light a new star in the skyscraper of the human universe.” Management based on “conspiracies and fears” depends on the concealment of information, Asange writes. “We have come to the conclusion that starting a large-scale information leakage movement is the most effective form of political intervention.” Elsberg, who later became an ardent supporter of Assange, initially expressed concern that “the undertaking is too naive if they think it will go unpunished. ”
The next year, Assange made her first public statement. Canada’s BBC News is among the first to report:
“It looks like we have a new Deep Throat, this time – on the Internet. The newly created website, which will use the open format for free editing of Wikipedia content, intends to become a tribune where various sources will publish the contents of classified documents without fear of being disclosed. WikiLeaks, as the site itself claims, will be an “uncensored version of Wikipedia, which will publish data obtained from large-scale leakage of classified documents and analysis, without the ability to reverse-track the sources. We are keenly interested in oppressive regimes in Asia, the former Soviet republics, sub-Saharan countries and the Middle East, but we hope to be of benefit to people in the West who want to expose the unethical behavior of their own governments and corporations, ”
However, most of the established media do not pay enough attention to the news, which is not surprising to hackers who have long complained about the shortcomings of the same media.
 The author of the book is Sueel Dreyfus and her publisher Mandarin; the book was first published in 1997 with the title “Stories of Hacking, Madness and Mania on the Border with the Electronic World”; there is also a second edition of 2001 – b. etc.
 Townsville is located in the northeast of the Queensland slate and now has more than 200,000 inhabitants. It is the starting point for visits to the Great Barrier Reef and a hub for the fast-growing tourism industry. – b. etc.
 Low altitude 633 m elevation, located about 60 km east of Melbourne. – b. etc.
ABOUT THE AUTHOR:
It was the largest leak in human history. WikiLeaks aroused the wrath of the world’s number one superpower, dismayed the British royal family and aided the outbreak of a revolution in Africa. Behind this organization is Julian Assange, one of the strangest personalities in the world. What is this person like – an online messiah or a cyber terrorist? Freedom of Information Fighter or Sex Offender? As the world discusses these issues, US politicians call for his assassination. Winners of multiple journalism awards David Lee and Luke Harding of the British newspaper The Guardian are at the center of a unique drama related to the publication of 250,000 secret diplomatic communications and confidential information files from the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq. At one point, a platinum-hacker is even hiding from CIA agents at David Lee’s home in London. Together with a team of investigative newspaper reporters in this book, Lee and Harding offer an inside look at Julian Assange’s shocking story and leakage of information.